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PWD 5e Test 4

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

Style rules express the style characteristics for an HTML element.
 

 2. 

You can combine selectors and property declarations in a variety of ways.
 

 3. 

It is not necessary to use the <style> element in an external style sheet.
 

 4. 

The advantage of the external style sheet is that you can state the style rules in one document and affect all the pages on a Web site.
 

 5. 

You will probably use the style attribute method of styling an element the most.
 

 6. 

CSS allows comments within the <style> element, but not in an external style sheet.
 

 7. 

By default, most CSS properties inherit from parent elements to child elements.
 

 8. 

The difference between an id attribute and a class attribute is that an id should refer to only one occurrence within a document.
 

 9. 

Rules with more specific selectors take precedence over rules with less specific selectors.
 

 10. 

The !important keyword allows you to specify that a rule should take precedence no matter what the order in the style sheet.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 11. 

A style rule is composed of ____ parts.
a.
two
c.
four
b.
three
d.
five
 

 12. 

In a style rule, the ____ determines the element to which a rule is applied.
a.
style tag
c.
declaration
b.
selector
d.
style sheet
 

 13. 

In a style rule, the ____ details the exact property values.
a.
selector
c.
style tag
b.
style sheet
d.
declaration
 

 14. 

A declaration is enclosed by ____.
a.
()
c.
[]
b.
<>
d.
{}
 

 15. 

In a style rule, the ____ is a quality or characteristic, such as color, font size, or margin.
a.
value
c.
declaration
b.
selector
d.
property
 

 16. 

In a style rule, a property is followed by a ____.
a.
semicolon (;)
c.
comma (,)
b.
colon (:)
d.
question mark (?)
 

 17. 

In a style rule, a value is followed by a ____.
a.
colon (:)
c.
semicolon (;)
b.
question mark (?)
d.
period (.)
 

 18. 

____ is simply a text document that contains the style rules.
a.
An internal style sheet
c.
The style attribute
b.
The <style> element
d.
An external style sheet
 

 19. 

External style sheets have a(n) ____ extension.
a.
.ess
c.
.cs
b.
.ss
d.
.css
 

 20. 

The ____ element lets you establish document relationships.
a.
<style>
c.
<relate>
b.
<link>
d.
<head>
 

 21. 

Style rules contained in ____ affect only the document in which they reside.
a.
an internal style sheet
c.
the <body> tag
b.
an inline style
d.
an external style sheet
 

 22. 

CSS comments begin with ____.
a.
/?
c.
/*
b.
*/
d.
?/
 

 23. 

The elements in an HTML document are structured in a hierarchy of ____ elements.
a.
unrelated
c.
sibling
b.
parent and child
d.
related
 

 24. 

____ elements contain nested elements called ____ elements.
a.
Child, parent
c.
Sibling, child
b.
Parent, sibling
d.
Parent, child
 

 25. 

The simplest type of selector is the ____ selector.
a.
grouping
c.
type
b.
combining
d.
descendant
 

 26. 

When grouping selectors, the selectors are separated by ____.
a.
semicolons
c.
periods
b.
colons
d.
commas
 

 27. 

When combining declarations, the declarations are separated by ____.
a.
semicolons
c.
periods
b.
colons
d.
commas
 

 28. 

The symbol for the universal selector is the ____.
a.
asterisk ( * )
c.
period ( . )
b.
comma ( , )
d.
apostrophe ( ‘ )
 

 29. 

The ____ selector lets you write rules, give them a name, and then apply that name to any elements you choose.
a.
div
c.
core
b.
class
d.
span
 

 30. 

In a style rule,the ____ flag character indicates that the selector is a class selector.
a.
question mark (?)
c.
semicolon (;)
b.
period (.)
d.
colon (:)
 

 31. 

The ____ element can be used with the class and id attributes to create logical divisions on a Web page.
a.
<span>
c.
<class>
b.
<div>
d.
<paragraph>
 

 32. 

The ____ element lets you specify inline elements within a document that have their own name and style properties.
a.
<span>
c.
<class>
b.
<div>
d.
<paragraph>
 

 33. 

Pseudo-____ select elements based on characteristics other than their element name, such as changing the color of a new or visited hyperlink text.
a.
elements
c.
classes
b.
attributes
d.
ids
 

 34. 

The fact that style sheets ____ means that multiple style sheets and style rules can apply to the same document.
a.
join
c.
cascade
b.
stack
d.
coincide
 

 35. 

The ____ states selectors let you choose an element based on its state of user interaction.
a.
hover
c.
W3C attributes
b.
pointer
d.
UI element
 



 
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